Namibia: Fact file

Updated November 2010

Name Republic of Namibia
Area 824 292 sq km
Capital Windhoek
Major towns Rundu, Walvis Bay, Oshakati, Katima Mulilo, Rehoboth, Otjiwarongo, Keetmanshoop, Gobabis, Tsumeb (Frame 2008, 837)
Boundaries South Atlantic, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa
Population 2.212 million, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2009a)
Natural pop growth 1.93%, 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2009b)
Urbanisation 36.2%, 2007 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 62.3 yrs, male 60.3 yrs; 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2009c, 2009d)
Infant mortality 35/1000, 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2009e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 15.3%, 15-49 yr 2007 est (UN Statistics Division 2009f)
Adult literacy rate 88%; 2003-2008 est (UN Statistics Division 2010a)
Military expenditure 2.5% of GDP; 2008 (UN Statistics Division 2010b)
Health expenditure 8.7% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2008)
Legal system Roman-Dutch and customary law (Geraldo & Skeffers 2007)
Independence 21 March 1990 from South Africa
GDP US$8.563 billion, 2008 est (UN Statistics Division 2010c)
GDP per capita US$4,143, 2008 est (UN Statistics Division 2009g)
GDP growth rate 2.7%, 2008 est (UN Statistics Division 2010d)
Main exports Fish, diamonds, beverages (Frame 2008, 841)
Currency 100 cents = 1 Namibian dollar
Unemployment 51%, 2009 (AFDB/OECD 2010)
Inflation rate 12%, 2008 (UN Statistics Division 2010e)
External debt ratio 5.0% of GDP, 2009 (IMF 2010, 95)
Roads Total 45 094 km (32% poor), paved 6 031 km (7% poor), unpaved 39 062 km (35% poor); 2008 (World Bank 2009)
Rail 2 382 km narrow gauge (SADC 2007, 194)
Airports 16 tarred; 1 international (Windhoek) (Avigation Networks Undated)
Ethnic groups Ovambo, Kavango, Damara, Herero, White, Nama, Coloured, Caprivian, Bushmen, Baster (Frame 2008, 826)
Languages Official English; others Oshiwambo, Herero, Nama/Damara, Lozi, Kwangali,Tswana, Afrikaans and German (SADC 2007, 184)
Religion Christian more than 90%, also African Traditional (US Department of State 2010)

References

AFDB/OECD 2010 "Namibia" IN African Economic Outlook, [www] http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/countries/southern-africa/namibia/ [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

AVIGATION NETWORKS UNDATED "Airports in Namibia", [www] http://worldaerodata.com/countries/Namibia.php [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

FRAME, I 2008 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2008, Routledge.

IMF 2010 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2010/AFR/eng/pdf/sreo1010.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

GERALDO, GM & SKEFFERS, I 2007 "Researching Namibian Law and the Namibian Legal System", IN Globalex, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Namibia.htm [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

LEWIS, M P (ed) 2009 "Languages of Burundi" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=BI [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

SADC 2007 "Namibia" IN Country Profiles, 78-79, [www] http://www.sadcreview.com/pdfs07/namibia2007_08.pdf (offline 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009f "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=HIV%2fAIDS+prevalence&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a73 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009g "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010a "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, 14 Ju, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010b "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, 12 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010c "GDP" IN UNdata, 12 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.CD [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010d "GDP growth" IN UNdata, 12 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010e "Inflation, GDP deflator" IN UNdata, 12 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Inflation&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010f "Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product" IN UNdata, 19 Nov, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=health+expenditure&d=WHO&f=MEASURE_CODE%3aWHS7_143 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Namibia", [www] http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Namibia [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

US DEPARTMENT OF STATE 2010 "Namibia" IN International Religious Freedom Report 2010, [www] http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2010/148710.htm [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

WORLD BANK 2009 "Development Data Platform" IN Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic [www] http://www.infrastructureafrica.org/aicd/tools/data [opens new window] (accessed 25 Nov 2010).

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