Mozambique: Fact file

Updated November 2010

Name República de Moçambique (Republic of Mozambique)
Area 799 380 sq km
Capital Maputo
Major cities Matola, Beira, Nampula, Chimoio, Nacala-Porto, Quelimane, Tete, Xai-Xai, Gurue (Frame 2008, 812)
Boundaries Indian Ocean, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania
Population 23.406 million, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2009a)
Natural pop growth 2.33%, 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2009b)
Urbanisation 36.1%, 2007 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 48.7 yrs, male 46.9 yrs; 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2009c, 2009d)
Infant mortality 90/1000, 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2009e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 12.5%, 15-49 yr 2007 est (UN Statistics Division 2009f)
Adult literacy rate 44%; 2003-2008 est (UN Statistics Division 2010a)
Military expenditure 0.8% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2010b)
Health expenditure 5.0% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2008)
Legal system Portuguese civil law, customary law (Rainha 2008)
Independence June 25, 1975 from Portugal
GDP US$9.735 billion, 2008 est (UN Statistics Division 2010c)
GDP per capita US$440, 2008 est (UN Statistics Division 2009g)
GDP growth rate 6.5%, 2008 est (UN Statistics Division 2010d)
Main exports Aliminium, sea food, cotton (Frame 2008, 815)
Currency 100 cetavos = 1 metrical, plural metricais
Unemployment no data
Inflation rate 6.5%, 2008 (UN Statistics Division 2010e)
External debt ratio 25.1% of GDP, 2009 (IMF 2010, 95)
Roads Total 29 238 km (39% poor), paved 5 710 km (16% poor), unpaved 23 528 km (44% poor); 2008 (World Bank 2009)
Rail 3 114 km (Frame 2008, 808)
Airports 158, 22 paved, 2 international (Maputo and Beira) (SADC 2007, 180)
Ethnic groups Makua-Lomwe (+/-40%), Thonga, Shona groups (Frame 2008, 796)
Languages Official Portuguese; over 1.3 million speakers Makhuwa, Ndau, Tsonga, Lomwe; another 9 languages have over half a million speakers and a further 17 languages have over 50 000 speakers (Lewis 2009)
Religion Christian 52.7% (Roman Catholic 23.8%), No religion 23.1, Muslims 17.8%, unknown 2.6%, African Traditional 2.1%, others 1.6% (Instituto Nacional de Estatística 1997)

References

FRAME, I 2008 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2008, Routledge.

IMF 2010 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2010/AFR/eng/pdf/sreo1010.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ESTATÍSTICA 1997 "Indicarores Socio-Demogáficos/Socio-Demographic Indictors: Mozambique" IN Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação 1997, archived by Wayback Machine, [www] http://web.archive.org/web/20021021125513/http://www.ine.gov.mz/Censo2/00/ brochura/00religiao.htm [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

LEWIS, MP (ed) 2009 "Languages of Mozambique" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MZ [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

RAINHO, P 2008 "Republic of Mozambique - Legal System and Research" IN GlobaLex, Hauser School of Law Programme, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.com/globalex/Mozambique.htm [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

SADC 2007 "Mozambique" IN Country Profiles, [www] http://www.sadcreview.com/pdfs07/mozambique2007_08.pdf (offline 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009f "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=HIV%2fAIDS+prevalence&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a73 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2009g "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010a "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, 14 Ju, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010b "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, 12 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010c "GDP" IN UNdata, 12 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.CD [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010d "GDP growth" IN UNdata, 12 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010e "Inflation, GDP deflator" IN UNdata, 12 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Inflation&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010f "Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product" IN UNdata, 19 Nov, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=health+expenditure&d=WHO&f=MEASURE_CODE%3aWHS7_143 [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Mozambique", [www] http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Mozambique [opens new window] (accessed 23 Nov 2010).

WORLD BANK 2009 "Development Data Platform" IN Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic [www] http://www.infrastructureafrica.org/aicd/tools/data [opens new window] (accessed 25 Nov 2010).

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