Updated July 2010
From 1969 to 1982 Kenya was a de facto one party state, with the Kenya African National Union (KANU) alone contesting elections. In 1982 KANU became the only legal party, a situation that obtained until the legalisation of other parties in 1991 (Nunley 2006).
The President was indirectly elected by each new National Assembly, in every case unopposed (Nunley 2006).
|1969||6 December||158||1||44.6%||Jomo Kenyatta|
|1974||14 October||158||4||56.5%||Jomo Kenyatta|
|1979||8 November||158||5||67.3%||Daniel arap Moi|
|1983||26 September||158||2||45.9%||Daniel arap Moi|
|1988||21 March||188||2||32.5%||Daniel arap Moi|
* Jomo Kenyatta died on 22 August 1978 and Daniel arap Moi, his Vice President, was elected in his place on 10 October 1978 by the National Assembly (Nunley 2006).
** Voter turnout was calculated by total valid votes as a percentage of registered voters.
Nunley 2006; Women's Shadow Parliament-Kenya 2008, 16; Hartmann 2009, 482.
NUNLEY, AC 2006 "Elections in Kenya" IN African Elections Database, [www] http://africanelections.tripod.com/ke.html [opens new window] (accessed 12 July 2010).
WOMEN'S SHADOW PARLIAMENT-KENYA 2008 The Elusive Quest for Women's Empowerment in Electoral Politics: A Synopsis of the 2007 Electoral Year, Second Rapid Assessment and Gender Audit of Electoral Processes in Kenya (Raga II), [www] http://womenshadowparliament.org/downloads/Elusive_Quest_for_Women%27s_Empowerment_in_Electral_Politics.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 19 Jul 2010).
HARTMANN, D 1999 "Kenya" IN Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (eds) Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook, Oxford Publishers.