International guidelines on democracy and elections

Updated August 2008

More information about PEMMO. Downloadable in four languages.

All links verified 20 Aug 2008.

United Nations

Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation and Code of Conduct for International Election Observers (French & English) [Opens new window]. Commemorated October 27, 2005, at the United Nations, New York.
UN Resolutions on Gender Equality Online [opens new window]. Index of online instruments.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (BDPFA; 1995) [opens new window].

African Union

OAU/AU Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa [PDF document], African Union, 2002.
Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance [PDF document, opens new window], OAU. Adopted at Thirty-Eighth Ordinary Session, 8 July 2002, in Durban, South Africa.
AU Solemn Declaration on Gender Equality in Africa (July 2004) [PDF document, opens new window] Made by Heads of State and Government.

Southern African Development Community

SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections [PDF document]. Adopted August 2004, Mauritius.
SADC Parliamentary Forum Norms and Standards for Elections in the SADC Region [PDF document]. Adopted by the SADC Parliamentary Forum Plenary Assembly on 25 March 2001, Windhoek, Namibia.
PEMMO - Principles for Election Management, Monitoring and Observation in the SADC Region. EISA/SADC ECF. Adopted November 2003, Benoni, South Africa.



MALTLOSA, K 2004 Managing Democracy: A Review of SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections [PDF document], EISA Democracy Seminars Series, 21.


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