Updated October 2010
The National Assembly elections that were held in late 1998 followed on a period of political instability, violence and military mutinies beginning in December 1995 that was brought to an end by the signing of a National Reconciliation Pact in March 1998 (Engelbert 2008, 223; Mehler 1999, 207; IPU 1999). "In April 1998, the United Nations deployed a peacekeeping force (MINURCA) for security reasons and to ensure the smooth running of general elections" (IPU 1999). The elections were conducted in 109 single member constituencies by an absolute majority (Mehler 1999, 209; IPU 1999). They were originally scheduled for 20 September and 11 October 1998, but were postponed to 22 November and 13 December 1998, after the National Assembly extended its mandate by three months, because of logistical and financial difficulties (IPU 1999; Fandos-Rius 2010).
Voting statistics that could be sourced were incomplete and diverged somewhat from one another. For the first round the following figures were obtained:
|IPU 1999||1 403 952||no data||no data|
|Nunley 2005||1 403 952||no data||no data|
|Mehler 1999, 210||1 471 523||811 869||55.2%|
|Fandos-Rius 2010||1 617 855||792 167||48.96%|
For the second round the only figure supplied is that of Fandos-Rius for total votes cast, 811 869, the same figure as given by Mehler for total votes cast in the first round.
Women won 7, or 6.42%, of the 109 seats in the National Assembly (IPU 1999).
The 29 participating political parties and independents fielded over 800 candidates and the parties were polarised into two main coalitions (Nunley 2005; IPU 1999; Engelbert 2008, 223):
|Union des Forces acquises à la paix||Rassemblement Démocratique Centrafricain (RDC)||20||18.35|
|Mouvement pour la Démocratie et le Développement||8||7.34|
|Front Patriotique pour le Progrès (FPP)||7||6.42|
|Parti Social Démocrate (PSD)||6||5.50|
|Alliance pour la Démocratie et le Progrès (ADP)||5||4.59|
|Parti de l'Unité Nationale (PUN)||3||2.75|
|Forum Démocratique pour la Modernité (FODEM)||2||1.83|
|Forum Civique (FC)||1||0.92|
|Union pour la République (UPR)||1||0.92|
|Mouvance Présidentielle||Mouvement de Libération du Peuple Centrafricain (MLPC)||47||43.12|
|Parti Libéral-Démocrate (PLD)||2||1.83|
Nunley 2005; IPU 1999.
ENGELBERT, P 2008 "The Central African Republic: Recent History" IN Frame, I (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2008, Routledge.
FANDOS-RIUS, J 2010 "Parliament of the Central African Republic", 31 July [www] http://webs.ono.com/juanfandos/parliament.htm [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2010).
INTERPARLIAMENTARY UNION 1999 (IPU) "Central African Republic - Parliamentary Chamber: Assemblée nationale: Elections held in 1998", [www]http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/arc/2059_93.htm [Opens new window] (accessed 17 Oct 2010).
NUNLEY, AC 2005 "Central African Republic" IN African Elections Database, [www] http://africanelections.tripod.com/cf.html [opens new window] (accessed 7 Oct 2010).
MEHLER, A 1999 "Central African Republic" IN Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (eds) Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook, Oxford Publishers.