CAR: 1998 National Assembly election

CAR: 1998 National Assembly election

Updated October 2010

The National Assembly elections that were held in late 1998 followed on a period of political instability, violence and military mutinies beginning in December 1995 that was brought to an end by the signing of a National Reconciliation Pact in March 1998 (Engelbert 2008, 223; Mehler 1999, 207; IPU 1999). "In April 1998, the United Nations deployed a peacekeeping force (MINURCA) for security reasons and to ensure the smooth running of general elections" (IPU 1999). The elections were conducted in 109 single member constituencies by an absolute majority (Mehler 1999, 209; IPU 1999). They were originally scheduled for 20 September and 11 October 1998, but were postponed to 22 November and 13 December 1998, after the National Assembly extended its mandate by three months, because of logistical and financial difficulties (IPU 1999; Fandos-Rius 2010).

Voting statistics

Voting statistics that could be sourced were incomplete and diverged somewhat from one another. For the first round the following figures were obtained:

Reference Registered Ballots cast Turnout
IPU 1999 1 403 952 no data no data
Nunley 2005 1 403 952 no data no data
Mehler 1999, 210 1 471 523 811 869 55.2%
Fandos-Rius 2010 1 617 855 792 167 48.96%

For the second round the only figure supplied is that of Fandos-Rius for total votes cast, 811 869, the same figure as given by Mehler for total votes cast in the first round.

Representation of women

Women won 7, or 6.42%, of the 109 seats in the National Assembly (IPU 1999).

Coalitions

The 29 participating political parties and independents fielded over 800 candidates and the parties were polarised into two main coalitions (Nunley 2005; IPU 1999; Engelbert 2008, 223):

  • The Union des Forces acquises à la paix (UFAP, Union of Forces for Peace) was opposed to the government of President Patassé.
  • The Mouvance Présidentielle (MP, Presidential Movement, sometimes Union of Forces of Renewal - UFR) was a grouping of parties supportive of President Patassé.

Seats by coalition/party

Coalition Party Seats % Seats
Union des Forces acquises à la paix Rassemblement Démocratique Centrafricain (RDC) 20 18.35
Mouvement pour la Démocratie et le Développement 8 7.34
Front Patriotique pour le Progrès (FPP) 7 6.42
Parti Social Démocrate (PSD) 6 5.50
Alliance pour la Démocratie et le Progrès (ADP) 5 4.59
Parti de l'Unité Nationale (PUN) 3 2.75
Forum Démocratique pour la Modernité (FODEM) 2 1.83
Forum Civique (FC) 1 0.92
Union pour la République (UPR) 1 0.92
Independents 2 1.83
Total 55 50.45
Mouvance Présidentielle Mouvement de Libération du Peuple Centrafricain (MLPC) 47 43.12
Parti Libéral-Démocrate (PLD) 2 1.83
Independents 5 4.59
Total 54 49.54
Total 109 99.99

Table sources

Nunley 2005; IPU 1999.

References

ENGELBERT, P 2008 "The Central African Republic: Recent History" IN Frame, I (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2008, Routledge.

FANDOS-RIUS, J 2010 "Parliament of the Central African Republic", 31 July [www] http://webs.ono.com/juanfandos/parliament.htm [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2010).

INTERPARLIAMENTARY UNION 1999 (IPU) "Central African Republic - Parliamentary Chamber: Assemblée nationale: Elections held in 1998", [www]http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/arc/2059_93.htm [Opens new window] (accessed 17 Oct 2010).

NUNLEY, AC 2005 "Central African Republic" IN African Elections Database, [www] http://africanelections.tripod.com/cf.html [opens new window] (accessed 7 Oct 2010).

MEHLER, A 1999 "Central African Republic" IN Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (eds) Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook, Oxford Publishers.

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