Updated May 2008
The Constitution of Angola does not mention the National Electoral Commission (Comissão Nacional Eleitoral; CNE). It provides that 'special laws shall regulate the process of general elections' (Constitution 1992, Article 3(3). The CNE is established as an independent body by electoral law governing the conduct of elections and voter registration (Electoral Law 2004 A154).
The CNE is composed of eleven members, two nominated by the President, three by the ruling party and three by opposition parties in the National Assembly, a Justice of the Supreme Court, a representative of the Ministry of Territorial Administration and one elected by the National Council of Social Communication. The President of the CNE is elected unanimously from these members by the National Assembly. Members of the CNE may not be candidates for the Presidency or National Assembly of the Angola (Electoral Law 2004 A156).
Terms of commissioners begin with their investiture by the President and they serve a term of four years renewable for a further term (Electoral Law 2004 A162). No provisions are made for their removal from office in case of incompetence or misconduct.
The CNE has the following functions (Electoral Law 2004 A155):
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA, 1992, [www] http://aceproject.org/ero-en/regions/africa/AO/angconst [opens new window] (accessed 10 Mar 2010).
LAW 7/2004 OF 17 JUNE (Electoral Law 2004) [www] http://aceproject.org/regions-en/eisa/AO/Law%20No%207%2004%2017%20of%20June.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 10 Mar 2010).
Lei No 7/04 de 17 de Junho, [www] http://aceproject.org/regions-en/eisa/AO/ Lei%20No%207%2004%20de%2017%20de%20Junho.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 10 Mar 2010).
Comissão Nacional Eleitoral: [www] http://www.cne.gv.ao/ [opens new window] (accessed 10 Mar 2010).